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Biographical entry Hayward, Thomas Ernest (1855 - 1906)

MRCS Jan 24th 1877; FRCS June 10th 1880; LSA 1877; MB Lond (Hons) 1879.

Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, UK
8 June 1906
Haydock, UK
General surgeon


Born at Tewkesbury in 1855, was educated at St Bartholomew's Hospital, where he gained an Entrance Scholarship. After qualifying he held the following appointments: House Physician, Westminster Hospital; Resident Medical Officer, East London Hospital for Children; Registrar and Chloroformist, Evelina Hospital for Children. He then settled at Haydock, a colliery town near St Helen's, Lancashire, living at Clipsley Lodge, and having as partner Dr Andrew Thomson. He was appointed Medical Officer of Health for Haydock, which he made the source of original observations in the form of "Local Life Tables". He calculated from returns over the years 1881-1890 that an elimination of pulmonary tuberculosis would lengthen the average life of the individual by two and a half years, the elimination of cancer would increase the expectation of life at birth by 0.39 year in males, and 0.83 year in females.

Dr and Mrs Hayward founded the Haydock Cottage Hospital and he did much surgical work in it, especially in connection with accidents among colliers. He gave important evidence, from knowledge gained among the Lancashire labouring classes, to a Select Committee of the House of Commons considering the Midwives Bill. He died at Haydock on June 8th, 1906.

"On Local Life Tables by Abbreviated or 'Short' Methods." - Public Health, 1897-8, x, 330.
"On Life Tables: their Construction and Practical Application." - Jour Roy Statistical Soc, 1899, lxii, 443.
"A New Life Table for England and Wales." - Ibid, 1903, lxvi, 366.
"On the Construction and Use of Life Tables from a Public Health Point of View." - Jour of Hygiene, 1905, ii.

The Royal College of Surgeons of England