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Biographical entry Turton, James (1856 - 1924)

MRCS July 29th 1880; FRCS June 11th 1890; LSA 1879; JP for Brighton.

11 January 1924
General surgeon


Educated at Charing Cross Hospital, where he obtained the Golding Scholarship in 1877 and the Llewellyn Scholarship in 1878, as well as the Treasurer's Gold Medal, and where he held the posts of House Surgeon, Resident Obstetric Assistant, and Junior Demonstrator of Anatomy. He was also Prosector at the Royal College of Surgeons.

He came to Brighton in the early seventies as apothecary to Dr Richard Rugg, whose daughter he married. He succeeded his father-in-law in practice in 1884, and took an active part in the medical work of the town, being at one time President of the Brighton and Sussex Medico-Chirurgical Society and holding several offices in the local branch of the British Medical Association. He was elected a member of the Corporation in 1886 and held office with success for ten years. He was also a member of the Steyning Board of Guardians, and was well known in politics and Freemasonry. In 1866 he joined the Volunteer movement as Acting Surgeon, and rose to the rank of Surgeon Major, retiring in 1912 with the honorary rank of Colonel and the Volunteer Decoration. In May, 1888, he joined the Army Medical Reserve as Surgeon Captain, and in 1894 did important pioneer work in raising the Sussex and Kent Volunteer Infantry Brigade Bearer Company. This was the first Bearer Company raised among the Volunteers, and he kept it in a high state of efficiency during the ten years of his command. In 1904 he became Brigade Surgeon Lieutenant-Colonel of the Sussex and Kent Volunteer Infantry Brigade.

At the outbreak of the Boer War his duties included the examination of the Sussex Militia and those who volunteered for service. In 1908 he received the important appointment of Administrative Medical Officer for the Home Counties Division, and was promoted to the substantive rank of Colonel. During the Great War (1914-1918) he held various local posts, and especially that of Officer Commanding the Pavilion Military Hospital for Limbless Soldiers, and that of Senior Medical Officer of the Brighton Area.

After some years of failing health, Turton died at Brighton on Jan 11th, 1924. By his marriage with Miss Rugg, he had issue one daughter and two sons, the elder of whom, James Richard Henry Turton, FRCS, practised at Hove. The younger met his death accidentally while serving with the Sussex Regiment in the War Turton practised at Hatherley, Preston Park, Brighton.

"On Some Points in Relation to Septic and Infectious Diseases." - Trans Sanitary Inst, 1889-90, xi, 79.
"Modified Listerism." - Lancet, 1882, i, 545.
"Case of Scurvy complicating Heart Disease and Syphilis." - Ibid, 1883, i, 1069.
"Stuvivance after Gunshot and other Wounds of the Heart." - Ibid, 1837, i, 851.

The Royal College of Surgeons of England