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Biographical entry Buckley, John Philip (1882 - 1949)

MC 1918; MRCS 13 February 1908; FRCS 8 June 1911; BA Cambridge 1904; MA 1908; BCh 1909; MD 1912; MB BS London 1909; MS 1912; LRCP 1908.

11 October 1882
20 December 1949
Anatomist and General surgeon


Born 11 October 1882, the third child and only son of Samuel Buckley, FRCS, consulting physician to the Clinical (now the Northern) Hospital for Diseases of Women and Children, Manchester, and his wife, Florence Woolley. He was educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge, and took first-class honours in the Natural Sciences Tripos, 1904; he gained distinction in physiology at the London intermediate MB. He received his clinical training at the Manchester Medical School and Royal Infirmary, and the London Hospital. He graduated in medicine at Cambridge and in London, as well as taking the Conjoint qualification, proceeded to the Fellowship in 1911 and next year became MD Cambridge and MS London. He served as house surgeon and medical officer at the central branch of the Royal Infirmary, Manchester, and practised at 8 St John Street. He lived in his father's house Broadhurst, Old Bury Road, Cheetham Hill. He was appointed assistant surgeon to Salford Royal Hospital, and in 1914 to the Manchester Royal Infirmary. During the war of 1914-18 he served in France and the Near East as a captain, RAMC, and was awarded the Military Cross for brave service in the Sinai area.

On return to civilian practice he became lecturer in surgical pathology at the Victoria University, and in due course surgeon to the Infirmary, to which he was ultimately a consulting surgeon. He was also surgeon to Grangethorpe Ministry of Pensions Hospital, and consulting surgeon to the Ship Canal Company. He was president of the Association of Surgeons, and of the Manchester Surgical Society in 1947-48. He was a learned comparative anatomist, and as a surgeon was chiefly interested in proctology and the treatment of hernia. In later life he became interested in forensic medicine. He was popular and approachable among his students and assistants. Buckley was a big man in every sense, fond of all the good things that life can offer. As a young man he was a keen rugby footballer, and later played rackets and tennis. Like his father he was a collector of books, and a good raconteur. Buckley never married. He died at his home on 20 December 1949, aged 67.

Method of treating the sac in radical cure of inguinal hernia. Lancet, 1914, 2, 1409.
Superimposition of a retrograde upon a direct intussusception. Brit med J. 1919, 2, 665.
The etiology of the femoral hernial sac. Brit J Surg. 1924-25, 12, 60.

Sources used to compile this entry: [Brit med J. 1950, 1, 131, with appreciation by Professor E D Telford, FRCS and p 1442, will; Lancet, 1950, 1, 49, with reminiscences by E B Leech, MD, FRCP; The Times, 17 March 1950, will; information from T Lister Farrer of Manchester].

The Royal College of Surgeons of England