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Biographical entry Holland, Charles Thurstan (1863 - 1941)

MRCS 9 February 1888; FRCS by election 12 April 1928; LRCP 1888; ChM Liverpool 1922; LLD 1935; TD DL Co Lancaster.

Born
7 March 1863
Bridgwater, Somerset
Died
16 January 1941
Occupation
Radiologist

Details

Born at Bridgwater, Somerset, on 7 March 1863, second son of William Thomas Holland, pottery manufacturer and alderman, and Florence DuVal his wife. He was educated privately at the Rev W Hargreaves's school at Clifton before entering University College Hospital Medical School. Taking the Conjoint qualification in 1888, he settled in general practice at Liverpool, where he became associated with Sir Robert Jones. In 1895 Jones heard privately of Röntgen's discovery of the rays named after him; realizing its possibilities for his orthopaedic work, he persuaded Holland, who was an expert photographer and had become interested in physics through the influence of Oliver Lodge, then professor at Liverpool University, to collaborate with him. Together they produced the first X-ray photograph taken in England, of a bullet embedded in a boy's wrist. In 1896 Holland was appointed radiologist to the Royal Southern Hospital, Liverpool, setting up his apparatus in a half-underground room below stairs, probably the first such appointment; in 1904 he transferred to the Royal Infirmary, where he remained till 1923. He was also radiologist to the Royal Liverpool Children's Hospital from 1907 to 1932, and was consulting radiologist to the King Edward VII Welsh National Memorial Association. He practised at 43 Rodney Street.

Holland received a commission à la suite on the formation of the RAMC Territorial Force on 7 July 1908, and was gazetted major on 1 May 1918. During the four years' war he was consulting radiologist to the Western Command, and organized a radiological service from Pembroke to Carlisle. He sat on the War Office Committee on Radiology in 1918. During these years of busy administrative work he perfected a new technique for localizing bullets, devising a depth finder on the principle of the gunner's height finder. In 1920 Holland was appointed lecturer in radiology at Liverpool University, a post which he held till 1931, and in 1922 he received the degree of ChM for his organization of the radiological diploma. He was elected a Fellow of the College as a member of twenty years' standing in 1928, and in 1935 received the honorary LLD of Liverpool.

Holland did more than any man to establish radiology as a substantive specialty, but he sacrificed the opportunity for research to administrative business and the promotion of his cause. He was president of the Röntgen Society of London in 1904 and 1916 and of its successor the British Institute of Radiology in 1929-30. He was president of the electrotherapeutic section at the Liverpool meeting of the British Medical Association in 1912, and of the electro-therapeutic section of the Royal Society of Medicine in 1913. He was a vice-president of the section of radiology at the International Medical Congress in London in 1913, president of the radiology division of the International Congress of Radiology and Physiotherapy in London in 1922, and president of the first International Congress of Radiology in London in 1925. He was an honorary member of the Liverpool Medical Institution and of radiological societies in America, Austria, Germany, Italy, Norway, and Switzerland. He contributed the survey of radiological literature to the Medical Annual for many years until 1931.

Holland was a keen mountaineer and a fine alpine photographer. He was president of the Liverpool Amateur Photographers' Association in 1905 and 1916 and of the Lancashire and Cheshire Photographers' Union in 1906-07, and won three medals from the Royal Photographic Society. He was president of the Liverpool Medico-literary Society in 1895 and of the Liverpool Wayfarers' Club in 1910-12. Holland married on 16 April 1890 Lilian Fergusson, of Liverpool, who died in 1924. He died on 16 January 1941 aged 78, survived by one son. Holland was a big man with a heavy moustache. He was blunt and downright but kindly, with a zest for life and a grim sense of humour.

The Royal College of Surgeons of England