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Biographical entry Newland-Pedley, Frederick (1855? - 1944)

MRCS 21 April 1881; FRCS 11 June 1885; LDS RCS 1880.

Born
1855?
Died
4 May 1944
Lake Como, Italy
Occupation
Dental surgeon

Details

The son of Percival Robert Pedley, who had practised in London as a dentist but went to Australia with his family for reasons of health. While there he felt it his duty to register in the newly established Dentists' Register of 1879. F N Pedley (he later hyphenated his name) was educated at Dulwich College and Guy's Hospital, intending to continue his father's practice as a dentist. He was persuaded by Henry Moon, LDS, dental surgeon to Guy's, to enter the Royal Dental Hospital in Leicester Square, whence he qualified LDS in 1880. From Guy's he qualified MRCS in 1881 and took the Fellowship in 1885. He served as dental surgeon to the Evelina Hospital for Children and the North-West London Hospital. At Guy's he acted as Moon's assistant, and in 1885 he substituted conservative dentistry for the wholesale extraction of teeth in the out-patient department. In 1887 he was appointed dental surgeon; the Hospital Board gave him a special room with five chairs, and he began to run this first special dental department of the hospital at his own expense. He was assisted by R Wynne Rouw, LDS 1885, and their work quickly attracted students, sisters, and nurses, as well as their ordinary out-patients. In May 1888 he placed a draft scheme for a Dental School before the Hospital Board. He was supported by Sir Cooper Perry, MD FRCP, and in October 1889 a room with twelve dental chairs was opened. Newland-Pedley became the first lecturer in dental surgery; he held the dental surgeoncy till 1907, when he resigned and was appointed consulting dental surgeon. His colleagues and students then founded the Newland-Pedley gold medal for practical dentistry, in his honour. He had had among his early assistants, besides Rouw, W A Maggs, J Mansbridge, H Murray, H L Pillen, and G O Richards.

On the outbreak of the South African war Newland-Pedley volunteered to accompany Sir Alfred Fripp to the front as dental surgeon to the Imperial Yeomanry Hospital; seventy-five students volunteered to go with him, but were not allowed to proceed. Pedley had to provide all his own equipment and transport it as personal luggage, including three dental chairs and cylinders containing 5,000 gallons of liquid gas. He did sterling work in very difficult circumstances both as oral and dental surgeon, and acted as his own mechanic. He received the medal for the campaign. On his return to England he put forward a scheme in 1901 for the formation of an Army Dental Service. On the outbreak of the first world war in 1914 he served at Rouen as a volunteer dental surgeon attached No 2 Base Hospital and again proposed the formation of a special Dental Corps, a proposal which led to some controversy in The Lancet, but was finally accepted officially.

Newland-Pedley was a member of the Pathological Society and the British Medical Association. He joined the Odontological Society in 1882 and presented many cases before it. He was an original member (1881) of the British Dental Association and was elected an honorary member at its jubilee in 1930. He gave his design of a porcelain crown to Messrs Rutherford, dental manufacturers, in recognition of much help, and they named it after him. He married in 1916 Octavie Gertrude Bernardine Therèse, daughter of Nicolas and Octavie Gathy, of Liège, Belgium; there were no children. Newland-Pedley practised first at 49 Finsbury Square, EC and then at 32 Devonshire Place, W. After retirement he continued to live at 22 Willow Road, Hampstead, NW3, but later settled at Lake Como in North Italy, where he died during the German occupation on 4 May 1944. He was a versatile man, equally able as oral surgeon, dental clinician and mechanic, organizer, and writer, with a high standard of professional duty. His recreation was golf and he twice won the open championship of Belgium. He left the residue of his fortune for scholarships and prizes at Guy's Hospital Dental School.

Publications:
Some points connected with the fracture of the inferior maxilla. Trans Odont Soc 1884, 16, 206.
On the pathology of pyorrhoea alveolaris; Rigg's disease. Ibid 1887, 20, 142.
Dental surgery in general hospitals. Guy's Hosp Rep 1886, 44, 113.
Cocaine in dental practice. Ibid 1886, 44, 355.
Two cases of alveolar haemorrhage. J Brit dent Assoc 1887, 8, 150.
How to reform the dental departments of our hospitals. Brit med J 1888, 1, 741.
Four cases of fractured inferior maxilla. Ibid 1889, 1, 583.
Guy's Dental Department. Lancet, 1889, 1, 149.
South African experiences. J Brit dent Assoc 1901, 22, 106.
Army Dental Corps. Lancet, 1914, 2, 1430.

Sources used to compile this entry: [Guy's Hosp Gaz 1944, 58, 235 and 244, no memoir; Brit dent J 1944, 77, 336, where date of death is given as 8 May; Brit med J 1946, 2, 719, will; Hujohn Ripman Guy's Hospital 1725-1948, 1952, p 96, memoir of Newland-Pedley's work for the Dental School, by F N Doubleday, with portrait].

The Royal College of Surgeons of England