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Biographical entry Jurasz, Antoni Thomas Alexander (1883 - 1961)

Hon FRCS 11 December 1941; Hon FRCS Ed June 1942; MD Heidelberg 1907.

20 September 1961
New York, USA
General surgeon and Orthopaedic surgeon


Born at Heidelberg in 1883 son of Altor Jurasz (1847-1923), Professor of Laryngology successively at Heidelberg, Lwow and Poznan, and Caroline, daughter of Thomas Gaspey, lecturer in English, his education was at Heidelberg, where he qualified in 1907, and in London, Konigsberg and Leipzig.

From 1919 to 1939 he was Professor of Surgery at Poznan, becoming President of the Society of Polish Surgeons, of the Society of Orthopaedic Surgeons of West Poland and of the Polish Red Cross Society.

He was taken prisoner when Poland was invaded in 1939 but escaped to France and then to Scotland, where at Edinburgh in 1940 he founded the Polish Medical Faculty of which he was the first Dean. He also founded the Paderewski Hospital in Edinburgh.

In 1945 he emigrated to New York, where he died on 20 September 1961 at the age of 78, survived by his wife.

The Polish Medical Faculty of Edinburgh. Proc Roy Soc Med 1941-42, 35, 133.

Sources used to compile this entry: [Brit med J 1961, 2, 966 by Sir Sidney Smith; Lancet 1966, 2, 832 by the same; The Times 13 February 1942 and Brit med J 1942, 1, 712: admission as Hon FRCS Ed, with photograph].

The Royal College of Surgeons of England